Performance of an Antigen-Based Test for Asymptomatic and Symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Testing at Two University Campuses

Authors: Ian W. Pray, PhD1,2,3,*; Laura Ford, PhD1,2,*; Devlin Cole, MD3,4; Christine Lee, PhD1,5; John Paul Bigouette, PhD1,2; Glen R. Abedi, MPH1; Dena Bushman, MSN, MPH1,2; Miranda J. Delahoy, PhD1,2; Dustin Currie, PhD1,2; Blake Cherney, MS1; Marie Kirby, PhD1; Geroncio Fajardo, MD1; Motria Caudill, PhD1,6; Kimberly Langolf, MS7; Juliana Kahrs, MS7; Patrick Kelly, MD4,8; Collin Pitts, MD4,8; Ailam Lim, PhD9; Nicole Aulik, PhD9; Azaibi Tamin, PhD1; Jennifer L. Harcourt, PhD1; Krista Queen, PhD1; Jing Zhang, PhD1; Brett Whitaker, PhD1; Hannah Browne1; Magdalena Medrzycki, PhD1; Patricia Shewmaker, PhD1; Jennifer Folster, PhD1; Bettina Bankamp, PhD1; Michael D. Bowen, PhD1; Natalie J. Thornburg, PhD1; Kimberly Goffard, MBA10; Brandi Limbago, PhD1; Allen Bateman, PhD7,11; Jacqueline E. Tate, PhD1; Douglas Gieryn10; Hannah L. Kirking, MD1; Ryan Westergaard, MD, PhD3,4; Marie Killerby, VetMB1; CDC COVID-19 Surge Laboratory Group (View author affiliations)

Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Antigen tests for SARS-CoV-2 are inexpensive and can return results within 15 minutes, but test performance data in asymptomatic and symptomatic persons are limited.

What is added by this report?

Compared with real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing, the Sofia antigen test had a sensitivity of 80.0% and specificity of 98.9% among symptomatic persons; accuracy was lower (sensitivity 41.2% and specificity 98.4%) when used for screening of asymptomatic persons.

What are the implications for public health practice?

To account for reduced antigen test accuracy, confirmatory testing with a nucleic acid amplification test (e.g., RT-PCR) should be considered after negative antigen test results in symptomatic persons and positive antigen test results in asymptomatic persons.

For More Information: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm695152a3.htm

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